Associates in Counseling Family Therapy
We performed a descriptive analysis of the data obtained from 1995 to 1998, totaling 26 groups of relatives of drug addicts in outpatient treatment UNIAD (Research Unit on Alcohol and Drugs) of the Department of Psychiatry of the Federal University of São Paulo.
We used a convenience sample, because the search occurred only with families attending the service. The referral was made by the ambulatory specialized in addiction treatment (screening, during detoxification or through the therapist who followed the case - 36%), other community services (35%), by others who previously participated in the service family counseling (12%), by other departments UNIFESP (9%) and media (8%).
The instruments used for the survey were two semi - structured questionnaires that the family received the first and last session. The first questionnaire contained questions regarding socio-demographic information and past and current therapies as well as the family of the addict, referral source, what the family hoped the family orientation, what the family had done to help addicts as alcohol use and drugs; reasons exist for the development of addiction. The second questionnaire investigating how best to assist the dependent after participation in the group, the concept of dependence, which was more important in the treatment.
TYPE OF SERVICE
- Provide information and guidance on how to deal with addiction, aiming at improving family relationships and appropriateness of behavior;
- Sensitize own family as the emotional aspect, allowing examine attitudes ensejadoras relapse;
- Provide means for the dependent family members sensitize / user to recovery;
The participants in this group were basically people who maintained close links and close to the dependent / user, not restricting themselves to biological family. The group was closed to six sessions per week of 75 minutes duration, with the presence of six families and without the presence of the dependent. The service was coordinated by a psychologist and a psychology intern. The families who owned more than two absences were disconnected from the current group and invited to participate in the formation of a close group that functioned in the same way. Each session was structured with the sequence described in Table 1.