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Memorize the origin and English vocabulary

Memorize Vocabulary origin and

194 English Vocabulary origin and method ─ ─ Memorize vocabulary skills
1, Chemistry Chemistry
Ancient alchemist who always wanted to find a way to be inferior metals into gold. By now the principle of atomic fission that their idea is not a general people think so foolish. The ancient Egyptians invaded Europe, will they studied alchemy, together with its naming al-kimia together into Europe. Later, the word became alchemy, "Alchemy of the people" called alchemist, and finally became chemistry, "chemistry" concept is from the "alchemy" evolved come.
2, Geology Geology
"Geology" is the study of matter and the formation of the Earth's crust is constructed to investigate the formation and development of Earth science. Geology is coming from Greek, ge that "earth";-ology, "science", that is the scientific study of the Earth itself.
3, Law Legal
"Law" is enacted by the legislature, the state power to ensure the implementation of the rules of conduct. Law written in Old English lagu, meaning "something laid down (set down things)."
4, Electricity Power
The ancient Greeks used amber making love talisman, confident person wearing this talisman can lead to love. They found that rubbing amber attract feathers, thread and other small things, friction will emit sparks. They put this friction electrification phenomenon called elektron. From the Greek elektor, meaning "shining sun", after writing into Latin electrum. English evolved into electricity.
5, Atom atom
Ancient Greeks believed that it is impossible for an infinite period character segmentation go, the more points smaller, and finally small enough to not be divided. They put "atomic" called atomos: a being "not"; tomos, "cut" means "can not be divided" after the word in the English language evolved atom. Although it has been found that "atom" is not "no longer divided, " however convention, "atomic" name still atom handed down.
6, Uranium Uranium
"Uranium" is a radioactive metallic element, chemical symbol U, is mainly used to produce atomic energy. The famous physicist Marie Curie was a uranium experiments and found that the radioactivity.
Uranium The word is from Greek mythology, a name of God come. 1781, British German astronomer Herschel (Sir William Herschel) has not yet been discovered satellites discovered planet, so he borrowed the Greek myth of "King" Ouranos name, named for the planet Uranus. Namely, "Uranus." Eight years later, the German chemist Kloproth found the first 92 kinds of elements. To commemorate Herschel and his planet, he named this element is uranium, we simply translated as "uranium."
7, X-ray X-ray
X-ray, also known as X-rays, or transliterated as "love g Division Light", is a German physicist Roentgen (Wilhelm Konrad von Roentgen) found, and thus also called "Roentgen Ray."
One day in 1895, Roentgen was conducting gas with a vacuum tube experiments, suddenly found that the rays of light can not penetrate through ordinary objects, a finding that he was very surprised. A few years later a curious friend asked the professor: "When you find these rays, is how you think of it?" "I thought nothing, " he replied, "I was doing experiments." Physicists ordered by this name this ray of X-strahlen, translated into English for the X-ray, where "X" mean that the nature of this radiation has not been proved, are still unknown.
8, School school
School The word comes from the Greek word schole, meaning "leisure." It seems the ancient Greeks, that those engaged in the war and engage in politics are hard, but only the "leisure" talent have time reading and learning. Later, the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, Plato lecture to the place where the youth is called schole, after the word into the Latin word school, then by the English borrowed.
And the school there is a closely related word: scholar (scholars). Similarly, the term refers to those who have "leisure" time reading, research, ideas and academic discussion.
9, Education Education
Education is inspiration, guidance, training a new generation. School teachers is the most important educators, their job is to put students inherent talent, the ability to guide it. Inspired out, but such a process is, "education." The original meaning of the English word educate just as well. The word comes from the Latin e-being "out"; duco-"lead", together is the lead out (boot up, inspire).
10, Astronomy Astronomy
astronomy comes from the Greek, literally means "the distribution of scientific research planet", astron that "star"; nemo, "arrange", astronomy, which is the study of the moon and stars and other celestial bodies in the universe distribution, operation rules, celestial structure of the universe, nature and development of science.
11, Geography Geography (Science)
"Geography" is the study of Earth's plains, mountains, rivers, climate and other natural environment and property, transportation, residential and other social factors, a science. Geography comes from the Greek, ge, "earth"; grapho, "write" or "describe". Thus geography (geography) is the "description Earth" science.
12, Geometry Geometry (school)
geometry originally referred to the "geodetic" comes from the Greek, ge that "earth"; metro, "measure" (measure). Now the "Geodesy" is called geodesy.
13, Algebra Algebra
Algebra word is the ancient Arabs from their medical terminology al jebr ("amputation followed by" or "orthopedic") to get inspiration, so as to support math section - algebra, creating a vivid phrase ilm al- jebr wa'l-muqabalah, meaning "to simplify the calculation using the formula, " Italy will come to a very truncated phrase, the middle of the word changed to algebra, however, retains the word until the 17th century "orthopedic", "pick limb" of the original meaning yet.
14, Anthropology Anthropology
"Anthropology" is the study of human distribution, origin, evolution, early cultures, beliefs, customs and ethnic classification of the sciences.
Anthropology in ancient Greek writing anthroplogos, anthros that is, "human", logos or "learning", "research" together is the "study of human science."
Anthropology word first appeared in ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle's writings; but there was no "anthropological" meaning, but rather how to "treat human beings."
15, Rostrum podium
The word in modern English as "forum", "podium", "reviewing stand" and other solutions, "(Tiananmen) tower" is also used it, namely the Tien An Men Rostrum. You probably can not imagine, rostrum original meaning was "bird's beak"! But look at the history of the evolution of the term, you will feel from the "bird's beak" to "podium" is not illogical.
The word originated in Latin rodo, meaning "little by little to eat", and gradually evolved into a rostrum, meaning it becomes "bird's beak" because the birds are with its beak pecking little by little things. Later, they used to refer to the Roman warships rostrum beak-shaped bow. Meanwhile, the Roman podium is used to the ship seized in war history "beak-shaped bow" and a metal ram for decoration, so the "beak-shaped bow" that is rostrum, and became the "Podium", " podium, "synonymous still in use.
16, Library Books
library derived from the Latin librarius, meaning "has books." It is derived from the word liber, which means "book" or to characterize the letters "bark."
However, the majority of the world's libraries have broken the "own book" boundaries, in addition to books, it also includes owns newspapers, magazines, manuscripts, archives, and even audio tapes, slides and movie film, etc.
17, Laboratory Laboratory
The word can be abbreviated as lab, it comes from the medieval Latin word laboratorium, the term originated in the labor, which means "labor." Laboratory true meaning is "the place of labor", where many scientific phenomena and principles are found, finding out.
18, College School
The term generally refers to the comprehensive university colleges, such as Harvard University, the College of Liberal Arts, Science, etc.; also refer to independent schools such as Teachers College (a teachers college), Agricultural College (a college of agriculture), Medicine ( a medical college) and so on. It is the source of the collegium of the Latin word, col namely "with", lego, "choose", meaning that students are "single with" learning industry here.
19, Academy colleges; Military Academy
It is said that in ancient times there is a girl named Helen of Sparta, was a legendary hero Theseus (Theseus) robbed, Helen's two twin brothers Castor (Castor) and Polydeuces Adams (Polydeuces ) - Castor and Pollux are now two Gemini star - four to find their sister, but did not find, and finally they met a farmer named Akkadian Holmes (Akademos), he provides a hijacking and robbed people's whereabouts. As a farmer has such a high vigilance thank the gods always guarded Akkadian Holmes garden. This is the Greek mythology a famous story.
Later, the great philosopher Plato taught in this garden where, so this garden Holmes under the Akkadian name was called academeia. Many years after the death of Plato, his students and followers are still held academic discussion then. Of course, he was provided after the academy this means learning spaces of the word.
20, Museum Museum This word comes from the Greek word Museion; meaning "Temple of Muses." Samuels (the Muses) is in charge of music, poetry, dance, astronomy nine goddesses in general. They like living in the foothills of the Greek Nampa that Texas and Helicon Spring in the mountains among. Therefore, there are still fountain of knowledge (source of knowledge), springs of inspiration (inspiration) argument. Muse goddesses out of admiration, the ancient Greeks art and natural sciences Muse items placed in the temple, that mouseion inside.
In 280 BC, the ancient Egyptian king Ptolemy of Alexandria built the West's first collection of cultural relics museum, is said to Muse named, which is one of the ancient world's most famous museums, there has been nearly seven century, and later burned in the flames of war.
Text in European countries so far, whether English, French, German, etc., used the "museum" called museum.
21, Pen Pen
Ancient Europeans have made ​​use of reeds, "pen", written on papyrus made ​​of "paper" on. Appeared in about the seventh century AD, "Ling tube", which uses swan or goose feathers tube made ​​pen.
Pen word in Old English writing penn, derived from the Latin penna, meaning "feather, feathers tube" that made ​​feather pen. There are still "Ling tube pen" name was called quill pen, "quill" also "Ling tube" shows is "overlapping agencies" But the convention, they can not break the "overlapping institutions." The pen has now evolved with the development of science today, fountain pens, iridium-point pen, pens, etc., completely stripped of the "feather" means.
22, Pencil Pencil
Pencil is comes from the Latin word pencillum. Means "little tail", referring to Western Europe during the past one people write with a brush, brush exactly like the kind of small tail. Later, people invented made ​​of wood and graphite pen, a pencil but still this is called Xi Yong, at first a crown on the front of lead (Pb) term, in fact, not the graphite lead, our country has not yet put this graphite The pen is made ​​is called "pencil" do?
23, Ink Ink
This consists of three letters of the English word, but it has nine letters ancestors, it is a Greek word: kauterion, meaning that stigmatized the word "iron", the verb to cauterize, or "branding." The ancient Greeks not only fight for his cattle with a hot iron branded Sakura also use it to make art. Ie with a soldering iron to wax pigments fixed on the screen, called by their name for encauston, namely "branded into" art known as "wax painting." Latin word into the encauston encauatum, the meaning has changed, specifically refers to the ancient Roman emperors instructions document with a purple pigment. Old French will simplify it enque or enke, refers to the ink. Middle English word absorb this, writing inke, later reduced to ink.
24, Eraser Eraser
18th century physicist Joseph Priestley discovered one in South America called caoutchouc gum to wipe traces of pencil, so this kind of thing was called rubber, is from the verb rub (rub) derived, means used to wipe Pencil word work - eraser.
History Eraser is very long term, it is derived from the Latin erado, meaning "removed", "scrape." Romans is like writing with an iron tool, the word families of martyrs in the wax board, wrong, or do not need, and put the wax scraped, eraser literal meaning is "the word scrape wax Tools" . Later, after the advent of the pencil, it gradually turned "rubber" means.
25, Language language
Compared with text language when referring to verbal communication activities.
Speech without tongue, because the tongue is the most fundamental vocal organs, which is the Chinese people since ancient times is very clear. Chinese "word" character itself, with "tongue", which says a man eloquent, called "a glib tongue"; intense debate called "verbal battles"; letter I nonsense called "talkin '; speak Slick called "slick" and so on. In short, a lot of words and talking about comes with a "tongue" word.
Language that is, the original meaning of the word "tongue" in the sense that from the Latin word lingua (tongue) change from. The same source of linguistics (linguistics) is closer to the original word.
Meanwhile, the British native word tongue, not only for "tongue" solution, but also for the "language" talk.
26, Braille Braille
braille Braille, or called the "Braille" is the creation of Frenchman Louis Braille for the blind with a bump sign writing, tactile text symbol system.
In 1812, three-year-old French boy Louis Braille unfortunate blind eye. Later, he went into the blind school, know letters are read into the letter shapes touch small tree, the children of such a strong thirst for knowledge clumsy method is very unsatisfactory. He grew up, one day I heard a French army captain produced a raised dot, horizontal symbol, the purpose is in the dark night you can also use your finger to touch read his orders. His set of symbols is very simple. For example, a point that "forward", two dots "withdrawal" and so on. It inspired Braille, he finally appeared in the world to create a universal character of this point number system. His name has become a "Braille" synonymous.
27, Grammar Grammar
The term originated in the Greek gramma, meaning "letter." Greek the "grammar" called gramrnatike teche, meaning "alphabet skills." After writing the word into the Latin grammatica, enter the Old French Writing grammaire, after writing into English grammar.
In the UK, there are many centuries Latin as the language of high society, and this time, grammar also refers only to Latin grammar only, was educated in one of the most important courses.
U.S. still has grammar school (junior high school), one of the main training content is the Latin syntax.
28, Style Style
The Romans called a stylus with the tip of the stylus to write on the board wax, write well, you need to have the ability to control the stylus. Style is the word coming from the stylus is now used to refer to a writer's "style", "style", in fact, is his ability to control the pen.
29, Text text
English "text" is called text, "textiles" is called textile, "work structure", "skin texture", "rock texture" is called texture, these three words come from the Latin verb texo, meaning "weaving" , which is very similar with the Chinese, we say "basketry", "weaving", "knitting" also said, "stories", "Edit", "fabricate", "cook up charges", "cook songjang" and so on. Texo derived nouns texrus, meaning "style", "structure of literature" or "way of weaving words, " then another English word pretext (excuse) like to understand, pre from the Latin pre, meaning as "a ...... front", pretext to say "excuse" to weave this thing like a curtain to cover up some things, like the front cover of its truth.
30, Quotation Quotations
quotation verb is quore (quote), is coming from the Latin word quot, meaning "how many?" Initially, quote's meaning is "the book of the divided sections. number the pages"; later used to refer to " Page cited statement by chapter, "that is, " Quotations quote "; finally refers to enclose the statement quoted stand out, namely" quotation. " Therefore, direct speech quotes in English called (quotation mark (s)).
194 English Vocabulary origin and method 2_ Memorize vocabulary skills
31, Paragraph paragraph
Like with the ancient Chinese, the ancient Western languages ​​is no punctuation, regardless paragraphs, no interval. The ancient Greeks to allow readers easy to read the time, on the contents of each new line begins to draw a horizontal line below the word, they put this horizontal line called paragaphos. Paro that "by the side of"; graphos written ", together which is" drawn in the next "meaning in English of this paragraph is from the Greek customary practices paragraphos come.
32, Comma Comma
There are many English grammar terminology comes from the Greek. Comma comes from the Greek komma, meaning "to separate the point", that brief pause symbols.
33, Period period
English "stop" called period or fullstop. Period to every Greek periodus, meaning "cycle", "loop", period still retains this meaning. By the 16th century, the word is used to refer to any time of completion of the action, which in turn refers to the end of a sentence, or a word after the pause time, and finally turned into a dot, marking the end of a sentence.
34, Hyphen hyphenated
English conjunctions symbol "-", spelled hyphen, comes from the Greek, and this symbol appears before, hyphen is an adverb, originally a short word hyphben, meaning that under-one, that is, "together." Later combined into one word, conjunctions symbol "-" It will be two or several words together mean.
35, Euphemism Euphemism
Euphemisms or euphemistic word is a rhetorical device, that is to take it mildly, moderate, acceptable words to express some little nice content. Cases where the Chinese word "death", is a little nice words, people created many vivid euphemism to replace "dead" this disgusting word, such as: "death", "death", "death" "old" and "go see Marx", "cross the grain" and so on. In English but also to avoid the "die" word, and said "He went to his reward."
Euphemism comes from the Greek, eu, meaning "good", phemi meaning "to say" together is "put it nicely, a little." Euphemism is such purposes.
36, Glossary Glossary
glossary generally refers to a particular field of vocabulary or terminology collections. It comes from the Greek word glossa, meaning "tongue", and then refers to the "language" means "word" means "Semantic interpretation." Glossary is the "Semantic interpretation together."
37, Derivation derived
One of the main things from the development of polarized called "derivative." "Derivation" is one of the importance of English word formation. The word is from the Latin derivo changes come, de namely "away from"; rivus. "River", together known as "the mainstream of the river tribes." Verbs derive the earliest in English means "to change the flow of the river." Now refers to any from the main roots of the "export", "lead", "derivative", "derivatives." In English also called derive, that same word "derivative" is quite similar.
38, Verse verse
Old into the country to rely on writing, copying and other living called "pen", it is natural to write with arable linked. English verse, tracing its roots, also happens to be associated with the land. It is from the Latin word versus come, meaning that the child climbed over the plow "furrows." The writing than to "land" is very vivid, not only their hard identical, and its action is also quite similar.
39, Dictionary dictionary
A dictionary is that the people of vocabulary pronunciation, spelling, meaning, and so the explanation of the record, that is how people "say" the. It comes from the Latin phrase move dico, meaning "say", "talk."
Dico out the source of the same, there are many English words, such as, ditto, meaning "ibid", "with the former", ie above and the "say" same; contradiction (contradiction), contra the "opposite", " opposition "means the whole word means" speak contradictory "; verdict (the jury's verdict), vere is" true ", the whole word is" rightly note ", dictator (dictator), which means" I am one person. " Du and "say" about.
40, Magazine Magazine
The word comes from the Arabic makhzan, meaning that storage is the storage of food and other supplies. Super early, all the books have been called magazines, because they are seen as "the storehouse." Until the nineteenth century, before the word specifically refers to "journal."
However, when we use the word as "ammunition warehouse", "bullet box", "(camera) cassette" and other stresses, still using a "warehouse" of the original meaning. French magazin now as "shop" talk, but also with the original meaning of
41, Pamphlet Booklet
The word comes from the 12th century, a famous love poem Pamphilus seu De Amore ("for all the love"). This poem is not binding loose-leaf appears, widespread, extremely popular, and people give it a nickname called pernphilet. Later, any similar thin book, pamphlet paper referred to as pamphilet. Finally abbreviated pamphlet.
42, Volume Volume
volume comes from the Latin word volumen, via Old French into English. Volumen means "book of written stuff", the ancient Latin text is written in one kind of paper made ​​of papyrus or parchment, for ease of reading, it is rolled in a reel. This fall resembling the Chinese character "volume", the ancient Chinese text is engraved on bamboo, and then wear them rolled into a bundle of bundles, or write on silk, paper, roll up collection, and therefore the number of books on " volume. "
Previously mentioned in the wording of the word museum of ancient Egyptian king in the third century BC, when Alexander founded the world-famous museums, including a large library, a world's first public library, the original Tibetan 700, 000 rolls papyrus and parchment writing books, but this library along with the museum, was later times of war Yan destroyed.
43, Folio Folio
A large sheet of paper, folded once only large bound volumes of books, in English called the folio. The word comes from the Latin word folium, meaning "a leaf" extension means "a book" then refers to the entire sheet of paper folded in a large book.
44, Atlas Atlas
Atlas in Greek mythology Hercules, group leader for supporting the giant Titan against Zeus, was sent for hard labor, with the head and shoulders propped up the sky. Imagine a modern put Atlas toting giant planet, and some geography textbooks or printed atlas also put it on the cover, but this concept is already late in the matter, because the ancient Greek mythology, yet "the earth" concept.
In 1595, the Belgian geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator first time in his frontispiece of an atlas atlas used as the title of Atlas and Atlas shoulders painted with the image of the earth to spread.
In addition, some contemporary edifice carved giant image of the giant pillars, supporting the whole building, this statue English collectively atlas, presumably because they like the hard labor of Hercules Atlas fined as the image of it.
Morocco in northern Africa, the territory of a mountain range, called "Atlas Mountains" According to Greek mythology, Hercules Atlas is changed, so called Atlas Mounrain.
The vastness of the Atlantic is also the name comes from the name of Atlas, called the Atlantic Ocean. Atlantic Atlas, which is an adjective, meaning "enormous."
45, Album albums, stamp albums
The word comes from the Latin Manus (hand) and scriptus (write), manuscript or "handwritten."
The word origin and similar postscript, meaning the end of the letter signed "PS, " "and, and." Post is "after" means, postscript that "written on the back." In the letter, postscript and more abbreviated P. S. .
46, Topic Title
The word is from the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322BC) - the ancient Greek philosopher Plato's student, the ancient Macedonian king Alexander the Great's teacher - the title of a book Ta Topika in the past, meaning that "simple things" and later became a topic word "title", "subject" in general.
Modern English said topical songs (local song) still contains topic earlier meanings, as these songs are mostly sung with "ordinary things" related content.
47, Symposium (topics) Proceedings
In English, the different authors of a Symposium topics or symposia called symposium, the word back to its source would really interesting, original "drink together" means, sym namely "together"; pino is academic issues, the ancient Greek philosopher put this conversation to discuss the scene called the symposium, later essays, reviews, papers booklet or magazine collection of essays have adopted the name.
48, Anthology anthology
anthology refers poetry, literature, music, painting, etc. anthology. The word itself is a poem. We know that the so-called "anthology" is from someone or some people's Digest editors selected works from the collection. Editing work, as is the garden of colorful flowers pick beloved beautifully prepared colorful baskets presented to the reader. Anthology is the "gathering flowers, " meaning, comes from the Greek anthologia, anthos namely, "flowers", lego or "gathering."
49, Blurb Introduction
blurb refers to a "printed on the dust jacket of the book books for advertising profile or essay" turn means "big touted advertising, " such as newspaper ads essays, brief strong merchandising, vivid and witty essay broadcast Words like. The word is an American humorist Gelett Burgess (1866-1951) created. 1907 at a high retail book organized by the Association banquet, each guest cutlery are placed one next to Mr. Burgess's book, "You're vulgar hate you? "(Are You a Bromide?). Was a popular trend in society, namely dust jacket of the book is the author and the book contents fanfare, advertising hype. Mr. Burgess is frown on this practice. To resist this unhealthy trends, he chose a beautiful photo as morbid jacket, called her Miss Belinda Blurb, and wrote that said: I sincerely hope that with her ​​photo as review to end all advertising review. "Unfortunately, he would not? Live in this unhealthy trend, and have actually created for the people chose the word blurb.
50, Anthem chants
anthem was originally the church antiphonal singing hymns, priests singing, choir answer. It comes from the Greek antiphona. Its literal meaning is "antiphonal singing" means, anti being "against" or "in return", phone is "sound", which is "antiphonal singing." The word entered Old English when writing to do antefne. But choir singing pastor canceled. Its spelling evolved several times, and finally into today's anthem. Now easier to sing hymns, became the church the whole congregation of the chorus. In addition, anthem now also used to refer to "National Anthem", "Anthem."
51, Copy Transcript
copy derived from the Latin word copia, by the French copie and into English, the original meaning is "many." When a file, an article with the transcript, copy, copy, it "is no longer a", while become "more" this.
Photofinishing film negatives into positives, ie "copy." Use is copy transliteration of the word.
52, Index Index
"Index" is the instruction books of the project or page number where the information content, usually arranged in a certain order, easy to find. In Latin, index means "finger." From the "index finger" extension to the "Index", which touches with the Chinese people's habits consistent, we have usually indicates something with your index finger.
However, English is now counseling "finger" is called the index finger is a word meaning "overlapping."
53, Novel Novel
Check the dictionary, you will find, novel in addition to as a "novel" solution outside, but also for the "new", "novelty" solution, and this novel is the literal meaning of which is from the Latin novella of evolution , meaning "something new."
54, Fiction Novels
The word comes from the Latin word fictio, meaning "fabricate", "fiction", in fact, in a sense the novel is "fabricated", "fiction" out of something, of course, is based on a certain life. " fabricated "and" fiction ", " science fiction "in English is called science-fiction.
55, Biography Biography
"Biography" is the narrative of a life experience level books or articles. Biography is coming from the Greek word biographia, bio, meaning "life", "life"; grapho is "write." Together, that is, "a portrayal of life." "Autobiography" called autobiography, that is, "his biography."
And bio (life, life) and some related words, such as biology (biology), biosphere (MAB, life layer).
56, Romance Romantic Literature
romance refers to the "romantic literature", "legend", "romance", etc. Our movie "Zhang blacksmith romance" in the "Roman" is the transliteration of the word.
Above these meanings seem and city name "Rome" (then spelled Roma) no relationship, however, they not only from the glyph on, but also to romance the word change is indeed coming from Roma. Romance comes from Old French Romans, is Latin Romanus (Roman) derived word, its original meaning of Romans widely circulated a song or a verse story. Since the content of the song or the story mostly depict knights adventure or love story, so romance is transformed into "legend", "romance", "romantic literature" and other means.
57, Sketch Sketch
sketch, namely, "sketch" is a method of painting that while observing an object, while using simple lines to draw out its main features. Sketch can also refer to a brief description of things, and timely reported to the reader essays, such as Memoirs, essays, close and so on.
Sketch the original meaning is: "what a draw, write, " "impromptu" such as justice, The source is derived from the Greek schedios, on this basis, produced Latin word schedium, meaning "impromptu poetry"; then produce the Italian's schizzo; turn has produced a German schizze, Dutch schets; English listening sketch is based on the Dutch schets generated.
58, Discussion discussion
Sometimes lead to a discussion heated debate, and even produce different factions, it is probably the word for discussion "to discuss" the origin of solution because it is derived from the Latin discussus, the original meaning was "torn apart."
59, encyclopedia encyclopedia
The word comes from the Greek word enkyklopaideia, en namely "in"; kyklos, circle, paideia, education, together known as "encompassing the entire field of education and the knowledge of things."
60, alphabet alphabet
The word comes from the Greek alphabetos, and then from the Latin into English, Middle English period writing alphabete.
194 English Vocabulary origin and method 3_ Memorize vocabulary skills
61, Letter alphabet, letters
letter of the word comes from the Latin word littera, meaning "letter", with linere (smear) may be close. For littera a source with some words, such literal (textual), namely "a letter, a letter to"; literature (literature); illiterate (illiterate), that "does not know the letters": "literati "English is called a literary man, or a man of letters.
Littera plural is litterae, meaning "letter." When you put a letter written together, you wrote the "letter" and therefore also for the letter, "Epistles" solution.
62, Capital uppercase letters
The word comes from the Latin caput, meaning "head." Uppercase letters in the word "head", so called capital.
In addition, a national capital, can be said that a country's "brain, " is the "first" is the "head", it is also called capital. In architecture, columns crown, also called capitals some capital, because it is located seat of the "head" portion. Capital as a "capital" when speaking, too, from caput, namely the "head" and cattle (livestock, cattle) from the same source. At the beginning, people's wealth, or called "capital", is based on the number of head of livestock he calculated that the number of the "head."
63, English "add, subtract, multiply, divide, " the origins
English "plus" called add, from the Latin addo, ad namely "to"; do "put" together, that is put to, which is the "plus."
Less, English subtract, from the Latin subtractus; sub namely "away"; tractus "taken". "Minus" is the "take away (removed)."
"Take" is called multiply, from the Latin multiplico; multus is "many" mean; plico, "fold (fold)", multiply that "manifold (several times more)."
"In addition, " called divide, was "separated" means, from the Latin divido; di namely "apart"; vid-, "separate".
Two other commonly used word in mathematics plus ("+" number), minus ("-" number), but also from the Latin, meaning are "more" and "less."
64, Quiz Quiz
quiz can refer to the classroom, "test", "quiz", etc., than the test (test) but also smaller; also refer to radio and television programs such as the "intelligence test", "general knowledge quiz" and so on. Such as Follow Me ("Follow Me", BBC television teaching programs) in the "London Quiz" (London Knowledge Test)
It is said that "quiz" the term 18th century capital of the Republic of Ireland are based on a Berlin theater manager James Daly created. One day, he and others bet that he can create a new one overnight, meaningless, but not for people to accept the word. He hired some of the urchin to spend the night in Dublin city walls on each side of chalk on the "quiz" message. The next morning, it was discovered that the word, but who do not know what it means, so that there is no meaning of "quiz" Soon there will be a "quiz", "mischief" and meaning.
65, Googol 10100
This is a huge figure 1 followed by 100 "0." It was a professor of mathematics at Columbia University Edward o Casner (Edward Kasner , 1878-1955) based on his little nephew full of humor proposed coined new words.
On the basis of the googol, and create a greater number of people googolplex, namely "1010 100", this is a very large number. Piex is shorthand for duplex, meaning "double", "double." From 1010 to 1010 100 mathematics called "googol group."
66, Esperanto Esperanto
1887年7月14日,波蘭醫生及語言家柴門霍夫博士(Dr。 Zamenhof)宣佈成功地創造了一種國際輔助語言,即世界語。這位元精通12種語言的專家是用"Dr。 Esperanto"這個筆名發表文章的,Esperanto的詞義是"希望者",於是這種語言就被叫做Esperanto Language,或Esperanto。
據說世界上第一架鋼琴是義大利造琴家Bartolomeo Christofori於1709年製造的。他認為這種樂器既可秦出輕盈柔和的曲調,又可表達慷慨激昂的內容。因此他用義大利語piano e forte命名了這種樂器,意思是"soft and loud"。後來這個詞又縮合成一個詞:pianofort,英語又把它簡寫為今天的形式。
sport這個詞是disport的簡寫。Disport的意思是"娛樂"、"嬉戲"、"消遣"等。這個詞還要追溯到拉丁語去,dis即des,意即"away",porto。 "carry";合起來則是carry away(轉移開),即"從工作中轉移開去",這恰好是sport的目的。
amuse一詞是從古法語詞amuser變化來的,意思是"使……發呆";a即to; muser,"stare stupidly(呆著)"。中國有句俗話,"看戲的是'傻子'"。倒有這一層含義,因為戲演得太逼真了,看對的人不免"望著發呆",而這正是一種娛樂方式。
這個詞最初進入英語時,意思作"哄騙"、"欺騙"解,如果當時的士兵amused the enemy,那絕不是"使敵人高興"的意思,而是"誘騙敵人"、"牽制敵人",現在的amusement也可以說是對人們的一種"牽制",也是一種"轉移人們注意力"的方式,只不過它是採用一種給人娛樂,使人高興的辦法罷了。
billiads指遊戲時,複數形式作單數用,譯作"檯球",俗稱"彈子戲"。遊戲時用一根棍子撞擊實心球,這根棍子英語叫cue,法語則叫billiard,意思是"小木棍"。這種遊戲起初叫billart,後來才叫billiads。Billiad還可作形容詞,但只用作定語,如a billiadroom(彈子房);作名詞用時,不指檯球的球,而指"連撞兩球的得分",檯球的"球"仍叫bali(s)。
Backgammon的字面含義是"回子遊戲"。早期英語的"遊戲"不寫作game,而是寫作gamen,因此,backgammon即back game,因為玩這種遊戲時,棋子常被"送回"對方,再重新放入棋盤。
soccer是英國十分流行的一項運動,也叫association football,即按英國足球協會制定的規則進行的足球運動。Soccer即是association football的簡寫,起初簡稱assoc,後又簡稱soc,最後寫成soccer或socker。
fast是"齋戒"、"封齋"的意思,如伊斯蘭教每年有一個月為"齋月","把齋"的人在這個月白天一天不進飲食。只是在一早一晚,即兩頭不見太陽的時候進餐,齋月滿時為"開齋",是伊斯蘭教徒十分隆重的節日。Break是"打破"的意思,breakfast原意為break the fast,即"打破齋戒指"或"開齋"。早餐是打破齋戒的第一餐,故有此名。
supper一詞來自古法語souper,原意是"to sup",即"喝"、"吸食"。這倒有點像我國某些地區(如河南的一些地區)把"吃晚飯"叫"喝湯",其實晚上的這頓飯並不一定是湯或全是湯。
dinner(正餐、主餐)來自法語詞diner,意思是"to dine(吃飯)"。起源於拉丁語的一個俗語disjejunare;dis即"break(打破)";jejunare,"fast(齋戒)";意即"打破齋戒"、"開齋"、"吃飯",這一點同breakfast意義相同。
古代英俗的婚宴儀式上,新娘子按傳統習慣要喝上一大杯家釀的淡色啤酒,以表示喜慶。Bridal(婚宴)的字面含義正是這個意思。它在古英語中寫作brydealu,即brye(bride,新娘)和ealu(ale,淡色啤酒),合起來即bride's ale。
我們說"一塊麵包",英語叫"a loaf of bread"。但如果你在西元700年左右時進入一家英國麵包房,向裡面要"a loaf of bread",人們準會認為你是在胡說八道,說話顛三倒四,因為在那個年代,"loaf"的意思不是"塊"、"條"而是"麵包";而"bread"當時也不是"麵包"而是"薄片",因此那句話就成了"a bread of thin slice",這當然要鬧笑話了。
另外,toast一詞還可作"祝酒""乾杯"等解。這種用法來自於莎士比亞時代的一種普遍的習慣。當時人們喜愛在某種酒裡、特別是葡萄酒或啤酒裡泡一塊加了香料的或烤焦的麵包,因此,直到今天我們仍說to drink a toast,其字面意思是"喝完一杯泡有烤麵包的酒",後來轉義為"乾杯"或"為……舉懷祝酒",甚至轉指"受祝酒的人"、"受到高度敬仰的人",如the toast of the town(城裡最受敬仰的人)。
cereal常用作複數,指穀類或加工過的穀類食物,如"麥片"等。"中國糧油食品進出口公司"中的"糧"字譯成英文時用的就是cereal這個詞(China National Cereals, Oils and Foodstuffs Import and Export Corporation)。
Cereal這個詞是從一位女神的名字來的。西元前496年,羅馬的農村遭受特大乾旱,教士們就求助於女巫占卜,占卜的結果是要立一個新的女神Ceres,並即刻向她擺上供品,這樣她就會給大地帶來雨水。從此以後,Ceres就變成了莊稼的保護神,最早收穫的穀物要獻給她作供品。Cereal就是從拉丁語cerealis變化來的。意即"of Ceres(屬於穀物女神的)"。
95、Sandwich "三明治"
sandwich"三明治"即"夾餡麵包",原是英國東南部的一個城鎮名。18世紀時,這個城堡裡有位伯爵,名叫John Montagu,聲譽很壞。他不僅勝任不了他所擔負的海軍大臣的工作,而且生活腐敗、臭名昭彰。賭博是他的邪惡的嗜好之一。他嗜賭成性,甚至達到廢寢忘食的地步。有一次,這位伯爵一賭了24小時,飯也不肯停下來吃,他指使僕從把麵包片夾上燒牛肉拿給他吃,一邊繼續狂賭下去。於是這位Sandwich城的伯爵便為全世界提供了sandwich這個詞,表示他所吃的這種"夾肉麵包"。後來也指"夾果醬餡等的麵包"。筆者還聽到一位美國人把中國的燒餅夾牛肉風趣地叫作Chinese sandwich。
本來Hamburger是德國著名港市Hamburg(漢堡)的形容詞,指"漢堡牛排"時是hamburger stead的簡化,但有人誤將它分解成或有意識地將它分解成ham和burger。甚至《韋氏大辭典》(Webster's Third New Internarional Dictionary)也對-burger作如下解釋:a flat cake ofground or chopped meat or meat substitute fied or grilled and served between slices of bread。於是,以-burger混生(拼綴)的新詞接連不斷地湧現出來,尤其是70年代以來,更是光怪陸離,層出不窮。1971年,有人做了一個小小統計,由burger構成的新詞竟達185個之多!詞義也由原來的夾牛肉餡麵包擴展到各種內容、形狀、大孝特性等的夾心麵包,甚至用來指其店舖。
例如:baconburger(臘肉夾心麵包),bearburger(熊肉夾心麵包),turtleburger(甲魚肉餡麵包),nutburger(以堅果佐食的肉餅),cheeseburger(放有乾酪的肉餅),oliveburger(以甘欖佐食的肉餅),pizzaburger(義大利肉餅),kirschburger(櫻桃酒心麵包),raisinburger(葡萄乾夾心麵包),superburger(超級夾肉麵包),doubleburger(雙層夾肉麵包),basketburger(野餐夾肉麵包),huskyburger(健壯夾肉麵包),peachyburger(美好夾肉麵包),甚至9-Lives Kitty Burger,ken L Burger,Californiaburger, Justrite Burger等等。
有人說,這種酒之所以叫cocktail,是因為當一個人喝了兩、三杯後,就會感到自己像一匹豎起尾巴(with cocked tail),將要對加比賽的馬一樣。
美國奧爾良市則宣稱,cocktail是他們市的一位名叫Antoine Peychaud的酒吧間招待員發明的。他把這種飲料盛在一種叫coquetier杯形容器裡。他們認為cocktail就是從這種容器的名字來的。
還有一種說法,英國過去有一種略有毒性的混合飼料,是用跑了汽的啤酒同杜松子酒、草藥、麵包、麵粉混合製成,據說是讓鬥雞食用的,好讓它保持戰備狀態。除去麵粉成份,人就可以飲用,這種飲料叫cock-bread ale或cockale,ale是啤酒,從而產生了cocktail。
還有一種更生動、更詳細的傳說,在美國紐約州,有一條赫德森河,河邊有一家古老的酒店,店主人名叫William Van Eyck。店主人最心愛的東西有兩樣:一是他的鬥雞,名叫"閃電",一是他的獨生兒女,佩吉小姐。追求佩吉小姐的人都明白,要想得到她父親的歡心,必須首先關必他的鬥雞。
"威士卡"這一酒名來自蘇格蘭和愛爾蘭的蓋爾語uisge beatha,意思也是"生命之水"。英國國王亨利八世(Henry VIII,1491--1547)特別喜愛這種新牌子的酒,便將它推而廣之,在廣泛的流傳中,這種酒的名字也漸由uisge beatha演變成usquebaugh,又變成whisheybaugh,whiskbae,最後變成whiskey或whishy。
古英語把"葡萄"叫做winberige,意即"vine berry(藤果、酒果)"。拉丁語詞vinum進入古英語後寫作win。
106、Benedictine (一種)甜酒
benedictine是1510年St。 Benedict教團的一位名叫Don Bernado Vincelli的學識淵博的僧侶研究並配製的一種甜酒,具有提神補氣的功能,酒名取自該教團的名稱。法國革命時期,該教團寺廟被毀。但這種甜酒的秘密配方卻被保存下來。50多年後,一位名叫Le Grand的酒商量重新釀製出這種甜酒,他在每瓶酒上都貼上D。 O。 M的標籤,代表Deo optimo maximo,意思是"為了最仁慈、最偉大的上帝"。這家新的釀酒廠就坐落在原寺廟的遺址上。
現在西班牙的赫雷斯德拉弗特拉(Jerez de la Frontera)過去叫Xeres。一度為羅馬人佔據,Xeres這一名字也是羅馬大將凱撒(Caesar)的變形,這個海港城市周圍是肥沃的平原,遍佈大面積的葡萄園,盛產一種淺黃色或深褐色的葡萄酒,酒名就是以該城市名Xeres命名的。後來Xeres演變為Jerez。16世紀時,這個詞進入英語,當時按照西班牙語的語音寫做sherris,但後來英國人覺得sherris聽起來很像複數,於是就把它改成了今天的sherry。
埃及女王克莉奧佩屈拉(Cleopatra,西元前51年--西元前30年為埃及女王)曾用一種銻粉膏將眼眉描得又黑又長,這種化妝品阿拉伯語叫al-koh'l;al即"the"; koh'l"銻粉"。Alcohol原來指的就是這種描眉用的"銻粉膏"。這個詞進入英語後原寫作alcool,泛指任何細粉或提煉物,"酒精"也屬於一種提煉物,因此也用這個名稱。直到19世紀,alcohol才專門用來指"酒精"或"酒精飲料"。
Nicotine(尼古丁)一詞是從法國人Jean Nicot的名字變化來的。Nicot寫過語言學的論文,出版過法語詞典,但他也許沒有想到他自己的名字會演變成今日字典裡的一個重要詞彙。Nicot又是一位外交官,1560年在任駐里斯本(葡萄牙首都)大使時,他買了些從新大陸--美洲來的一種奇異植物的種子,即菸草種子帶回國內,從此,菸草便傳入法國。他的名字最後也用來專指菸草中含有劇毒的物質--尼古叮
馬鈴薯原產南美洲安第斯山區,16世紀末西班牙人把它傳到了歐洲,到了1650年時,已在整個歐洲普遍種植。美國的第一批馬鈴薯是在1719年由一幫愛爾蘭長老會教徒帶過去的,因此叫Irish potato,即普通的白馬鈴薯。
有趣的事,古羅馬附近的鄉下人不僅用unio一詞表示"洋蔥",而且用它作珍珠的象徵,至今有的廚師還把一種銀白色的、小型的洋蔥叫做pearl onions。
番茄原產墨西哥,印第安人叫它tamatl,進入西班牙語後寫作tomate,進入英語後寫作tomato。這種植物最初結一種枯萎多皺的果實,因而被誤認為有害的。到了16世紀,人們又傳說番茄能刺激性慾。直到今天,法語還把番茄叫作pomme d'amour(愛情之果),英語也有把番茄叫作love apple的。
Coconut又寫做cocoanut,這倒不是因為它與cocoa(可哥)有什麼關係,而是由於英國辭典編纂家Dr。 Samuel Johnson(1709--1784)的筆誤,以致以訛傳訛,流傳至今。
無論什麼水果,古羅馬人都叫malum(蘋果)。由於羅馬的第一批桃子是從波斯來的,因此他們就把"桃子"叫作Persicum malum(波斯蘋果)。後來,malum一詞被甩掉了,Persicum也幾經變化而成為法語的peche,英語的peach。
不久前人們還在使用sugar candy的說法。不管是candy還是sugar candy,指的都是"硬塊糧"。Candy起源於梵語的khanda,意思是"一塊東西"或"糖塊兒"。
Derby原是英格蘭中部的一個城市名。1780年,該城的伯爵創立了"英國大賽馬會"定於每年六月的第一個星期三在倫敦附近的埃普索姆(Epsom)舉行,參賽馬匹年齡均須為三歲。這一天,英語叫Derby Day。在這一天,人們習慣帶一種圓頂窄邊的絲質禮帽。為了紀念Derby伯爵。人們稱這種禮帽為Derby。現在這種禮帽多為女孩子騎馬時戴用。不過,現在只有美國人才把這種禮帽叫作derby,英國人反倒把這種禮帽叫作bowler hat。
有一個故事講,一次,英國將軍威靈頓公爵(the Duke of Wellington, 1769-1852)去參加一個聚會,走到門口被打發了回去,原來他的馬褲和絲襪外罩了一條黑色的套褲。在那個時代,一個貴族騎馬出門,要在那套比較正規的衣服外面罩上一條套褲,以保持乾淨整潔,但要出席上流人物聚會的場面,就得把套褲脫掉方可入內。
1850年,美國的女權運動支持者Mrs。 Amelia Jenks Bloomer採用Mrs。 Elizabeth Smith Miller設計的一種衣服款式,即短裙配燈籠褲,來作為婦女解放運動者的制服,並加以推廣,因為這種款式的服裝頗有男士風度。這種服裝便被稱作bloomers。
這個詞是由hand和kerchief合成的;kerchief來自古法語couvrechief,字面意思是"蓋在頭上的東西",即"頭巾"。在古時候,kerchiefs是被系在頭上的。後來,時興把kerchiefs拿在手裡,於是英語詞就加上了hand,變成了handkerchief。面現在又往往把它放在口袋裡,於是又成了pocket handkerchief。有趣的是,今天當我們說到a pocket handkerchief的時候,我們講的是一件古時候頂在頭上、後來拿在手中、現在裝在口袋裡的東西。
mop這個詞不禁使人想起二百多年前英國一年一度的"雇工集市(mop fair)"。每年秋季,當雇工集市舉行時,尋找工作的人們便手執拖布--作為應僱人員的職業標誌,聚集遊行。英國的家庭主婦們對他們觀察、檢驗,從中選雇她們認為合適的人作她們家中的僕役;農場主們則從中為自己選雇工人。
另外,是一種粉紅色的玫瑰叫damask rose(大馬士革薔薇),也是從這個城市的名字來的。由此又有了damask cheeks(粉腮)的說法。
Cardigan(卡迪根),大寫時指英國威爾士西部的一個郡名。小寫指"羊毛衫"或"羊毛背心"。是從該郡第七位伯爵JAMES Thomas Brudenell源起的。這位性情暴戾、傲慢專橫的伯爵在1853-1856年英、法等國對沙俄的克里米亞戰爭中曾率兵打過著名的衝鋒。他本人愛穿並極力推廣這種羊毛衫,於是cardigan便成了這種羊毛衫的代名詞。
1770年,英國化學家Joseph Priestley(1733-1804)無意中發現這種白色的樹膠的凝塊可以"rub out"(擦去)鉛筆的痕跡,於是他就給它取名叫rubber(橡皮、橡膠)。直到1823年,蘇格蘭化學家Charles Macintosh(1766-1848)在蘇格蘭首府格拉斯哥開設了一座工廠,用這種生產真正的防水用品。他是將兩層塗了這種印第安橡膠的布料粘合在一起,製成膠布,效果特別好,於是行銷全球,各地人都爭用這種膠布製作雨衣。為了紀念這位發明家,人們便把這種雨衣稱作mackintosh,這個詞現在還簡寫為mac。
古代帝王把華麗的canopy(天蓬)裝置在禦床頂部以象徵權貴,也是一種美的標誌。不過,古希臘人檔不這麼高看canopy,甚至對它十分反感,因為這個詞在古希臘語中寫作konops,意思是"蚊蟲"。為了避免蚊蟲叮咬,希臘人就睡在帶有防蟲簾布的埃及式床內,並把這種床叫作konopein canopy就是從這個詞經拉丁語演變來的。
如今姑娘脖子上戴的"珠子項鍊",過去是祈禱時用的"念珠"、"佛珠",古英語寫作bede,意思是"祈禱"。超初,"作一次祈禱"叫"to bid a bead",人們為了便於記住祈禱的遍數,就將玻璃或寶石等製成珠子,用細繩子串起來,祈禱時就用這些珠子計算、記憶祈禱的遍數。由於珠子是用寶石等材料製作的,自然就有了裝飾的價值。
fork這個詞,在古英語中寫作forca,指的是叉乾草等用的長柄叉。在餐桌上用的叉子據說是一位名叫Thomas Coryate的人在1601年義大利帶到英國來的,他在義大利見別人在餐桌上用過這種叉子。英國人嘲笑他,說他出洋相,劇作家們還在他們的喜劇中送了他個綽號:"帶叉子的施行家"。有一點可以完全肯定,17世紀這種餐叉的出現為改善飯食習慣、改變在餐桌上抓取食物的不衛生的方式向前邁出了可喜可賀的一步,因為在那以前用髒手抓取食物是很普遍的現象。
). 這個詞被借入中古英語。 "一條圍裙",起初寫作a naperon,但由於印刷錯誤,誤將和n排在一起,成了an aperon;aperon後又簡稱apron,以致以訛傳訛,成了今天的an apron。
小女孩喜歡玩的玩具娃娃,英語裡叫doll,是從Dorothy這個女子名簡化來的,是其暱稱,起初指"情人"或"心上人",繼而指"好看然而沒有頭腦的女子",現在又用來指"玩具娃娃"。不過,今天偶爾也用它指"美貌的姑娘":Isn't she a cute dool!(她長得真美!)
據說jade這種玉石能治肚子痛。西班牙探險家們深信這一點,他們從美洲把這種珍貴的寶石帶回他們的國家,並用西班牙語給它取了名字:piedra de ijada,意思是"治肚痛的石頭"。古法語吸收了這個詞,變為l'ejade;進入英語後寫作jade。
coal在古英語中寫作col,意思是"一塊燃燒著的沒有火焰的炭"。而charcoal(木炭)則是charred coal,即"燒製的炭"。
mansion指的可不是一般住房,而是相當豪華的官邸宅第,或高樓大廈,因此有人在譯曹雪芹的名著《紅樓夢》時,就用的是mansion來譯書名的這個"樓"字("Dream of the Red Mansions")。
closet,又作water closet,縮寫為W。C。,意為"廁所"或"盥洗室",又指"壁櫥"、"小室"。這個詞來源於拉丁詞clausum,意思是"closed place(關閉的地方)"。Closet願意為"私室",如國王的"議事室"、"密室"等。至今仍有"to be closeted with sb。"的說法,意思是"與某人在密室中商談"。
在過去,吃完飯以後,男人們仍將繼續喝酒、吸菸、交談,女人們則退到"withdrawing room"中去休息。Withdrawing-room就是"退避的房間",這個叫法直到16、17世紀還很盛行。Drawing-room其實是withdrawing-room的簡寫。
這個詞過去只是指"談話的房間"。它是從法語詞parler(談話)派生來的。在中世紀拉丁語中,這樣的房間叫作parla toriums,指的是寺院裡的僧人在長時間的參禪打坐後同來訪者交談或僧人相互交談的專用房間。Parlor現在除作"客廳"、"會客室"外,還可作"起居室"解。
179、The White House白宮
"白宮"是美國首都華盛頓的總統府和政府的行政機關所在地。但"白宮"的名字是怎麼來的呢?這要追溯到1812年。當時英國正同美國交戰,英軍佔領了華盛頓,放火燒掉了一些房子,其中包括美國國會大廈和總統府。1814年,為了掩蓋火燒留下的恥辱的痕跡,總統府的褐色石牆被塗成了白色。從此,"白宮"(the White House)就叫了起來。
180、Big Ben倫敦英國議院塔上的大鐘
這是一座舉世聞名的大鐘。通過英國廣播公司(BBC),全世界的人們都可以聽到它的鐘聲。1834年,原來的英國議會大廈被燒燬。在修建新議院時由本傑明o霍爾爵士(Sir benjamin Hall)負責建造了這座大鐘。這座大鐘於1859年6月3日上午11時安裝完畢。它有四個鐘面,每面直徑達22英呎,分針長14英呎。這些銅製的空心指針每件重達二百磅。鐘的聲音來自一口巨鐘。這口巨鐘高七英呎半,懸掛在一根粗鋼樑上,自1923年起,英國廣播公司每天81次向世界各地播放它的報時鐘聲。別看它大,可它並不笨,走起來極其準確。因此,有人將Big Ben譯作"大笨鐘"是既不雅,也不妥的。格林威治天文臺的工作人員們每天替這個鐘校對兩次時間。大鐘極少報錯時間。可是有一次它報時不准,那是因為一個在鐘樓上工作的油漆工把一桶油漆掛在了它的指針上,使它慢了下來。1993年5月曾報導停擺。
Big Ben的名稱是從負責建造這座大鐘的Sir Benjamin Hall的名字來的,是Big Benjamin的暱稱。
Shangri-la或寫作Shangri-La,是1933年英國作家James Hilton的小說Lost Horizon(《失去的地平線》)中虛構的喜馬拉雅山山谷的名字,那是一處烏托邦式的洞天福地,終年春光明媚,和平寧靜,富足美好,是人間理想的樂園,堪稱世外桃園。
Derrick同"絞刑架"有密切的關係,是從一個人的名字來的。17世紀初,倫敦死刑場內有一個名叫Derrick的劊子手,很善於行刑,使死刑犯人減少痛苦的時間。後來,倫敦人把死囚赴刑場說成是to see Derrick。漸漸地derrick就成了"編印刑架"的代名詞。
Asbestos,在希臘語中原寫作amiantos lithos,(純潔之石),意思是"弄不髒的石頭"。後來,羅馬自然學家Pliny把它命名為asbestos,a即not;sbestos是"可熄滅的",合起來指這種石頭是"不可熄滅的"、"燒不完的"。
doctor的字面含義是"老師",它是從拉丁語doceo變化來的,doctus即"teach"的意思。起初doctor指任何有學問的人,而至今仍保留了這一層含義,作"博士"講。直到15世紀才用來指"醫生"。這個詞還簡作doc用作稱謂時簡作Dr。 .


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These folks oughta know

2009-05-25 20:11:38 by austingeekgirl

also: arizona
* Brasch, Mary A. MA/MA LPC
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Phone: (602) 494-1515
Board certified therapist in Arizona, specializing in transgender issues.
* Gottlieb, Dianne M.S. LMFT
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  • Avatar dgbrwnfld Where can i find a gender clinic?
    Apr 20, 2009 by dgbrwnfld | Posted in Men's Health

    I am looking to start hormones in a few years so i can become a female but i do not know if i have any gender clinics around so i can get tested and everything. i live in Toledo, Ohio do you think you can help me find a gender clinic close by?

    • Here you go:

      Crane, M.A., LPCC
      Gender Dysphoria Program of Central Ohio
      P.O. Box 82008
      Columbus, OH. 43202
      Phone : (614) 451-0111
      Email :
      …ces as well as referrals about gender issues.

      Kayla Springer, Ph.D.
      3280 Observatory Avenue
      Cincinnati, OH. 45208
      Phone : (513) 381-6611

      Good luck with your transition!

  • Avatar love Why do couples need to consider their childern before they divorce?
    Apr 05, 2009 by love | Posted in Other - Cultures & Groups
    • Because it breaks up a family
      it shakes up the child's world
      they care about their kid more than anything

      no one wants to ruin their child's life